How Do I Know I Have Diabetes?

HOW DO I KNOW I HAVE DIABETES????

Most common signs of diabetes:

  • Increased thirst.
  • Feeling tired and sleepy (Energy Loss).
  • Dry and itchy skin.
  • Needing to pass urine more than usual.
  • Blurry vision.
  • Feeling hungry.
  • Possible weight loss.
  • Frequent infections or infections may take longer to heal.
  • Numbness in the hands and feet.
  • Sexual dysfunction.

Some diabetics may not have any symptoms.  Health care providers will be able to find out for sure after running some blood tests such as Hemoglobin A1C, checking FASTING blood sugar, and Glucose Tolerance Test.

EXAMPLE:

BLOOD TEST WITH OUT DIABETES PER-DIABETES WITH DIABETES
Hemoglobin A1C Less than 5.6% 5.7%_6.4% 6.5% or higher
Fasting Blood Sugar Less than 100 mg/dL 100_120 mg/dL 126mg/dL or higher

 

Factors may increase risk for Diabetes???

  • Family history of diabetes.
  • Obesity or being overweight.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Being more than 40 years old.
  • Gestational diabetes during pregnancy.
  • Native Americans, African Americans and Hispanics have higher chance of getting diabetes.

After all healthy lifestyle , managing weight and exercising often will help decrease your risk of getting diabetes.

What is Diabetes?

  • Diabetes or also known as Insulin deficiency is a condition that occurs when sugar builds up in the blood in which body is not ale to use sugar the way it should.
  • Normally when we eat, carbohydrates in the food break down into sugar. The sugar goes into our bloodstreams. When there’s sugar in the blood , body will naturally create a hormone named “INSULIN” which is produced by pancreas. Insulin will help sugar get into body cells.
    Insulin works like a KEY to open up the cells for sugar to get inside the cells . Cells will use sugar to create energy or it will get stored inside the cells for later use.
  • With diabetes , the pancreas may NOT make any insulin or not enough insulin. Then the sugar stays in the bloodstreams causing blood sugar levels to rise and cells don’t create enough energy.