TYPE 1 DIABETES:
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that’s usually caused when body attacks its own insulin making cells which harm its ability to make insulin. Body sugar in the blood can not be moved into the cells to be used for energy , instead it will build us in the blood which could be very harmful and would lead to many complications.
1 diabetes usually occurs in children, young adults and teenagers. It also can occurs in older adults. ONLY 5-10% of people has type 1 diabetes .
With no insulin or very little insulin type 1 diabetics or also known as insulin dependent will have to take daily insulin injections lifetime 24/7 , to control blood sugar levels as much as possible.
In summary, type 1 diabetes is not only a disease of childhood . No one fully understand why it occurs in adults. There’s nothing you could do to prevent it from happening. You will have it for life , however it could be controlled with insulin, healthy eating and exercise.
TYPE 2 DIABETES :
As discussed before diabetes is a condition that causes sugar level to go up in the blood . Our digestive system breaks down food into sugar. Blood carries Sugar into cells and insulin will opens up the cells for sugar to get into the cells and be used for energy .
With type 2 diabetes ,glucose in blood cells because cells do not use insulin effectively which has been know as being insulin resistance .Producing Pancreas cells will cover the wasted insulin for short amount of time , however after a while pancreas cells will eventually wear out in which makes cells starve for energy .
Type 2 diabetes is an inherited genetic condition , which is highly caused overweight and obesity. It typically affects people over the age of 40, however now the number of younger adults and children affected by type 2 diabetes is increasing.
Type 2 diabetes is also caused by the use of some medications or other medical conditions.
people with type 2 diabetes must take many steps to control blood sugar levels or also known as HYPERGLYCEMIA through diet, exercise, weight loss and checking blood sugar level throughout the day.
Type 2 diabetics can also manage blood sugar levels by taking proper medication and may need the help of insulin injections in severe cases.
In summary , in type 2 diabetes pancreas will be making insulin, but it won’t be making enough insulin. It is a manageable diseases to avoid complications , however it can’t be cured. Once you develop type 2 diabetes, you will have it for the rest of your life.
HOW DO I KNOW I HAVE DIABETES????
Most common signs of diabetes:
- Increased thirst.
- Feeling tired and sleepy (Energy Loss).
- Dry and itchy skin.
- Needing to pass urine more than usual.
- Blurry vision.
- Feeling hungry.
- Possible weight loss.
- Frequent infections or infections may take longer to heal.
- Numbness in the hands and feet.
- Sexual dysfunction.
Some diabetics may not have any symptoms. Health care providers will be able to find out for sure after running some blood tests such as Hemoglobin A1C, checking FASTING blood sugar, and Glucose Tolerance Test.
||WITH OUT DIABETES
||Less than 5.6%
||6.5% or higher
|Fasting Blood Sugar
||Less than 100 mg/dL
||126mg/dL or higher
Factors may increase risk for Diabetes???
- Family history of diabetes.
- Obesity or being overweight.
- High blood pressure.
- Being more than 40 years old.
- Gestational diabetes during pregnancy.
- Native Americans, African Americans and Hispanics have higher chance of getting diabetes.
After all healthy lifestyle , managing weight and exercising often will help decrease your risk of getting diabetes.