Taking Diabetes medications Properly

Taking Diabetes medications Properly

Most diabetics follow meal plan and exercise on regular basis. Most of the time following meal plan and staying physically active are not enough to keep blood sugar under control , therefore doctors recommend medicine to lower blood sugar levels .

Diabetes medications are usually given to help keep blood sugar as close as possible to the target range .

Diabetes is either treated by pills or by injectable medications .

It’s very important for you to know whether you’re on the right medications or not .

Pills are normally given to people with Type 2 Diabetes to encourage pancreas to release more insulin , reduce the amount of sugar made by liver , reduces kidney reabsorption of sugar and increases sugar output in urine , increase level of insulin after meals , and slows digestion of carbohydrates .

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Injectable medication which includes insulin and GLP-1 which are given to type 1 and type 2 diabetics .

Insulin: Insulin works like a KEY to open up the cells for sugar to get inside the cells . Cells will use sugar to create energy or it will get stored inside the cells for later use

There’s many types of insulin depending of how quickly they start to work and how long they work in the body.  Health care provider will determine the right dose of insulin for each patient dose usually varies from one person to another .

There’s long acting insulin which will provide 24 hours coverage , rapid acting insulin which is injected 5-15 minutes before each meal, premixed insulin which has long acting and rapid acting insulin and it’s used before breakfast and  before dinner .

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GLP-1: It helps manage Blood sugar by helping Beta cells release more insulin if blood sugar level goes up, also helps liver decrease the amount of sugar that’s release into the blood , and helps break down food slowly which will delay the way that food gets into the blood after meals .

GLP-1  is as a daily injection or it’s a long acting which will be given once a week.

In Summary:

There’s so many different types of Diabetic pills , also many different types of injectable medications , however healthy life style & regular exercise are the best medication for diabetes because it’s the biggest supporter for those medications to help achieve blood sugar goals.

Diabetes and Regular Physical Activity

Diabetes and Regular Physical Activity
It’s very important for diabetics to improve their physical activities to lower blood sugar levels , improve energy level, better heart health and most importantly it might reduce the need of using diabetic medications because it helps the body use insulin better. Plan your Activities: Please discuss with your doctor what kind of activities would be best for you, then pick activities you will enjoy . start slow with maybe 5 minutes exercise 5 times/week , and when you start feeling comfortable increase your exercise by 5 minutes everyday (take the stairs instead of the
elevator). Set easy goals in the beginning because reaching your goals will give you motivation to stay active.
Over all just do the type of activities that you like whether its walking with friends in the park, dancing, walking in the mall , yoga …..etc.

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As a diabetic you would want to be careful with your Activities.
Please check blood sugar before & after exercise , avoid activities if you’re not feeling well, carry a fast acting carbs in case of a low blood sugar (for example orange juice), try to do your activities with friends. In Summary your daily exercise would be your great path to live a healthy life style with 7 with out diabetes, it will help you reach your weight management goal & boost up your energy level. It will also help strengthen bones and muscles. exercise to relieve stress.

Managing Diabetes with Healthy Eating

Managing Diabetes with Healthy Eating :

Meal Planing should be easy to follow and it’s very different from Weight Loss Diet Plans.
There’s no such thing as a “diabetes diet” in which you have to avoid foods you love.
Meal plan/Healthy Eating should include a wide verity of foods so you can get all the nutrients. You don’t have to avoid or stop eating any foods , however you may need to limit the amounts you eat and watch what, when and how much to eat .
Making smart decisions about serving sizes is the KEY.
Easiest way to follow a meal plan is to use a 9″ dinner plate.
Half of you plate should be non-starchy vegetables, a quarter of starches , and the other quarter should be healthy proteins. On the side you can add 1 choice of fruits.

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Non starchy vegetables: green and leafy veggies .

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Starchy vegetables : Peas, corn, Potatoes / Starch-Grains: Rice, Pasta , bread .

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Protein : Eggs , Chicken , Fish , Beef, Cheese.

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In summary:
Please follow Portion size with starches because Carbs can rise your blood sugar , half of the meal should be non starchy veggies , and small portion of protein .

DIABETES MANAGEMENT BASICS

DIABETES MANAGEMENT BASICS
STRIVE FOR A HEALTHY BALANCE

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Healthy Eating
• Eating healthy meals and snacks can help you to control your blood sugar
• Make sure that you are eating the correct amount and right kind of carbohydrates
• Limit your intake of foods that contain unhealthy fats, like fried foods.
• Include enough protein at each meal
• Try not to eat too little or too much food at mealtimes

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Regular Physical Activity
• Check with your doctor before starting a physical activity plan
• Aim for 3o minutes of physical activity on 5 days each week. Try not to skip more than 2 days in a row.
• Start out slow, you may begin with 1o minutes of physical activity each day and increase to 3o minutes, 5 days each week.

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Taking Medications Properly
• The right diabetes medication is important
• It is very important to follow your prescription medication instructions
• If your blood sugar is too high, talk with your doctor about adjusting your medications
• Never stop taking your prescribed medications without discussing with your doctor first

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TYPE 1 DIABETES

TYPE 1 DIABETES:

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that’s usually caused when body attacks its own insulin making cells which harm its ability to make insulin. Body sugar in the blood can not be moved into the cells to be used for energy , instead it will build us in the blood which could be very harmful and would lead to many complications.

1 diabetes usually occurs in children, young adults and teenagers.  It also can occurs in older adults. ONLY 5-10% of people has type 1 diabetes .

With no insulin or very little insulin type 1 diabetics or also known as insulin dependent will have to take daily insulin injections lifetime 24/7 , to control blood sugar levels as much as possible.

In summary, type 1 diabetes is not only a disease of childhood .  No one fully understand why it occurs in adults.  There’s nothing you could do to prevent it from happening.  You will have it for life , however it could be controlled with insulin, healthy eating and exercise.

TYPE 2 DIABETES

TYPE 2 DIABETES :

As discussed before diabetes is a condition that causes sugar level to go up in the blood .  Our digestive system breaks down food into sugar. Blood carries Sugar into cells and insulin will opens up the cells for sugar to get into the cells and be used for energy .

With type 2 diabetes ,glucose in blood cells  because cells do not use insulin effectively which has been know as being insulin resistance .Producing  Pancreas cells will cover the wasted insulin for short amount of time , however after a while pancreas cells will eventually wear out in which makes cells starve for energy .

Type 2 diabetes is an inherited genetic condition , which is highly caused overweight and obesity. It typically affects people over the age of 40, however now the number of  younger adults and children affected by type 2 diabetes is increasing.

Type 2 diabetes is also caused by the use of some medications or other medical conditions.

people with type 2 diabetes must take many steps to control blood sugar levels or also known as HYPERGLYCEMIA through diet, exercise, weight loss and checking blood sugar level throughout the day.

Type 2 diabetics can also manage blood sugar levels by taking proper medication and may need the help of insulin injections in severe cases.

In summary , in type 2 diabetes pancreas will be making insulin, but it won’t be making enough insulin. It is a manageable diseases to avoid complications , however it can’t be cured.  Once you develop type 2 diabetes, you will have it for the rest of your life.